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What Is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a very serious sleep disorder with breathing issues. People suffering from this disorder skip breathing for a few seconds repeatedly while sleeping. In simple words, it is a sleep disorder with abnormal breathing patterns during sleep.

A large number of people have this issue, but most people don’t pay attention to it. It prevents the body from getting adequate oxygen due to which people snore as they feel suffocated. People may gasp or face excessive daytime sleepiness due to poor sleep. Most people don’t find these symptoms serious and don’t know if they have sleep apnea.

This disorder is not gender or age-specific as it affects both males and females of every age. Although the causes of the condition may vary from person to person depending on the type of apnea. If this condition remains untreated for a long time, it may cause life-threatening consequences.

So, this article is a complete guide for you to understand this condition, its types, and symptoms. In addition, you will also learn different methods to treat this health condition.

What are the types and causes of sleep apnea?

It is mainly of two types – Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Central Sleep Apnea (CSA).

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: It is the common form of sleep apnea which is prominent in children and adults as well. During this condition, the muscles in the back of your throat relax naturally during sleep. Upon relaxing, the windpipe becomes narrow and prevents you from getting enough oxygen. It reduces blood oxygen levels and your brain signals your body to wake up. When you wake up windpipe reopens and you gasp to get more air and sleep again.

This whole incident happens many times throughout the night affecting the sleep quality. According to some studies, OSA cases are increasing these days because of obesity (a prime cause of OSA).

Central Sleep Apnea: However, it is less common than OSA but a little difficult to treat. It occurs because of miscommunication between the brain and the muscles controlling breathing. You wake up from sleep gasping for air with shortness of breath and increased heart rate. Due to multiple awakenings sleep apnea causes aches and pain in the whole body. It also increases the risks of several cardiovascular diseases. Parkinson’s disease, stroke, severe obesity, and heart disease are associated with CSA.

Besides both these types of sleep apnea, one more condition is observed, known as Complex Sleep Apnea. This condition is a combination of OSA and CSA. The person is initially diagnosed with OSA and then turns into CSA. Because symptoms of both these conditions are observed in this situation. It is more complex than CSA and very difficult to treat.

What are the signs of sleep apnea?

Snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness are not the only signs of sleep apnea. Besides these, here are some other symptoms, and if you observe them, you might have this disorder:

·         repeated awakenings and dry mouth

·         gasping and choking feeling

·         abnormal and irregular breathing pattern

·         headache in the morning and may remain up for a few hours waking up

·         fragmented and irregular sleep

·         frustration, irritability, and sudden mood changes

·         disturbed focus and extreme fatigue

These are common symptoms of this disorder noticed in most adults. However, sleep apnea symptoms in women also include restless legs and frequent urination.

Some surprising sleep apnea facts

This is a common sleep disorder among people. But the sad thing is that there are lots of misconceptions about this disorder. Misconceptions and wrong information may put you at risk and lead to life-threatening complications. Here, are some sleep apnea facts that you should know:

1.  Almost 80% of sleep apnea cases are not diagnosed yet. Because you are sleeping when have abnormal breathing or snoring which you obviously can’t notice. If someone snores don’t mean that person has this disorder as it may occur because of an uncomfortable mattress.

2.  Sometimes you may have breathing issues because of some other health issues. So, you should consult the doctor in case you have any doubts.

3. As we have discussed obesity is a prime cause of this disorder. But you don’t need to be obese to develop this disorder. You may develop this disorder because of some other reasons as well.

4.  CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) is one of the common sleep apnea treatment options. No doubt, this is a very effective method to ease the symptoms of this order. Oral appliances, adaptive servo-ventilation, supplemental oxygen, and certain sleep medications can also help with this disorder.

What are the treatment methods for sleep apnea?

As this is a very serious disorder and may lead to life-threatening health complications, management of this disorder is important. Some of the most common treatment methods for this order include:

·         Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

·         Bi-level Positive Air Pressure (BPAP)

·         Adaptive servo-ventilation

·         Oral appliances

The treatment of this disorder is beyond CPAP and all these techniques. Several lifestyle changes and sleeping aids can also improve the symptoms of this disorder.

Increase physical activity: Regular exercise and physical activity keep you active, reduce daytime fatigue, and also reduce the severity of this disorder. Yoga and cardio boosts energy and strengthens your heart and lungs as well.

Maintain a healthy weight: It is very important to reduce the severity and risks associated with this disorder. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help you maintain a healthy weight.

Changes in sleep positions can also reduce the chances of this disorder. Sleeping on the lateral side reduces the risks for both OSA and CSA.

In addition to these methods, Modafinil and Zopiclone medication are also effective in treating sleep apnea. But don’t take these medicines on your own. First, consult the doctor about your issues and the risks and benefits of taking these medicines. for more information visit

Related Topic: Impacts Of Sleep Apnea On Health: Buy Modafinil Online

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